Trauma

TRAUMA CURRICULUM

Basic Science (Regional)

Anatomy

Regional anatomy for trauma
Surgical approaches for bone and soft tissue injuries Approaches for hip fractures
Approaches for Weber B ankle fractures

Physiology

Physiological response to trauma

Pathology

Delayed and non-union Fractures in abnormal bone

Deformity

Mal-union of fractures

Pain

Pain relief in trauma patients

Biomechanics & Biomaterials

Principles of open reduction and internal fixation/external fixation of fractures Splintage and traction
Principles of casting

Investigations

Radiological investigations to assess the injured patient

Critical Conditions

Compartment syndrome Neurovascular injuries Physiological response to trauma
Assessments
Initial clinical assessment of the injured patient
Priorities of treatment and identification of life/limb-threatening injuries

Treatments

The trauma team

Operative

Fracture management (closed, open and pathological)
Soft tissue management
Amputation

Non operative

Non-operative management of fractures Rehabilitation of the injured patient Complications
Reconstructive surgery in non-unions/mal-unions

Specific fracture areas

Spine
The acute fracture and dislocation Spinal shock and cord syndromes

Pelvis
Pelvic/acetabular fracture stabilisation Recognition of visceral/neurovascular damage

Shoulder
Clavicle fractures
Proximal humeral fractures
The dislocated shoulder
Brachial plexus and other nerve injuries Humeral shaft fractures

Elbow
Proximal ulnar fractures
Distal humeral fractures Proximal radial injuries
Radius and ulnar shaft fractures

Wrist
Distal radius fractures Scaphoid fractures Carpal injuries

Hand
Metacarpal and digital injuries The mangled hand

Proximal femur
Proximal femoral fractures Femoral shaft fractures

Knee and lower leg
Periarticular fractures around the knee Tibial shaft fractures

Ankle
Periarticular fractures around the ankle Weber B ankle fractures

Foot
Hindfoot injuries
Midfoot injuries

Forefoot injuries
The crushed foot

Peri-prosthetic fractures

Management of fractures around prostheses and implants